Major References for the Crops of Ancient Iowa

Home

Table of Contents

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Adair, Mary J.

1988 Prehistoric Agriculture in the Central Plains. Publications in Anthropology 16. University of Kansas, Lawrence.

1990 Iva Annua as a Prehistoric Cultigen in the Central Plains: A Regional Synthesis. Paper presented at the 48th Plains Anthropological Conference, Oklahoma City, OK. Copy on file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1994 Corn and Culture History in the Central Plains. In Corn and Culture in the Prehistoric New World, edited by S. Johannessen and C. A. Hastorf, pp. 315–334. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.

2003 Great Plains Paleoethnobotany. In People and Plants in Ancient Eastern North America, edited by Paul E. Minnis, pp. 258–346. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

2010 Archaeobotanical Analysis. In Cultural Resources of the Loess Hills: A Focus Study to Determine National Significance of Selected Archaeological and Architectural Cultural Resources along the Loess Hills National Scenic Byway, edited by Melody K. Pope and Angela R. Collins, pp. 10 2-16; Appendix VIII. Contract Completion Report 1700. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City. In preparation.

 

Adrain, Tiffany S.

2003 Plant Remains from Broken Kettle (13PM1) and Broken Kettle West (13PM25), Northwest Iowa. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Department of Geosciences, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Alex, Lynn M.

1978 The Poison Ivy Site: A New Oneota Site in Southeastern Iowa. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 25:78-91.

2000 Iowa’s Archaeological Past. The University of Iowa Press, Iowa City.

 

Anderson, Adrian D. and Joseph A. Tiffany

1972 Rummells-Maske: A Clovis Find-Spot in Iowa. Plains Anthropologist 17:55–59.

 

Asch, David L.

1992 Prehistoric Agriculture in Iowa. In Crops of Ancient Iowa: Native Plant Use and Farming Systems by David Asch and William Green. Report Prepared for the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1995 Archaeobotanical Analysis. In Phase III Excavations at 13ML118 and 13ML175, Mills County, Iowa, by Toby Morrow, pp. 59–69. Contract Completion Report No. 469. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1996 Archaeobotanical Analysis. In Excavations at the Maxwell Site (13DA264): A Great Oasis Settlement in Central Iowa, by John F. Doershuk and Fred A. Finney, pp. 29-37, 91-99. Contract Completion Report 445. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Asch, David L., and Nancy B. Asch

1985 Prehistoric Plant Cultivation in West Central Illinois. In Prehistoric Food Production in North America, edited by Richard I. Ford, pp. 104-204. Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Anthropological Papers 75.

 

Asch, David L., and Nancy Asch Sidell

1992 Archeobotany. In Early Woodland Occupations at the Ambrose Flick Site in the Sny Bottom of West-Central Illinois, edited by C.R. Stafford, pp. 177-293. Center for American Archaeology, Kamspville, Illinois.

 

Asch, David L. and William Green

1992 Crops of Ancient Iowa: Native Plant Use and Farming Systems. Submitted to the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, Iowa State University, Ames, Grant No. 90-34. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1995 Archaeobotanical Analysis. In Phase III Excavations at 13ML118 and 13ML175, Mills County, Iowa, by Toby Morrow, pp. 59-73. Contract Completion Report No. 469. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Baker, Richard G., E. Arthur Bettis III, D.P. Schwert, D.G. Horton, Craig A. Chumbley, L.A. Gonzalez, M.K. Reagan

1996 Holocene Paleoenvironments of Northeast Iowa. Ecological Monographs 66: 203-234.

 

Baker, Richard G., Glen G. Fredlund, Rolf D. Mandel, E. Arthur Bettis III

2000 Holocene Environments of Central Great Plains; Multi-proxy Evidence from Alluvial Sequences, Southeastern Nebraska; Holocene Environmental Change on the Great Plains of North America. Quaternary International 67: 75-88.

 

Baker, Richard G., Bettis III, E.Arthur, Denniston, R.F., Gonzalez, L.A., Strickland, L.E., J.R. Krieg

2002 Holocene Paleoenvironments in Southeastern Minnesota–Chasing the Prairie-Forest ecotone. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 177: 103-122.

 

Banks, Roger and David Lilly

1968 Early Investigations of the Broken Kettle Mound (13PM1). Newsletter of the Iowa Archeological Society 16 (5): 3-5.

 

Benn, David

1972 Climate, Culture, and Prehistoric Agriculture on the North and Central Plains. Agriculture Seminar Paper, Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

1976 Woodland Cultures of Northeast Iowa (AD 300-800): A Perspective from the Hadfields Cave Site. Ph. D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

1980 Hadfields Cave: A Perspective on Late Woodland Culture in Northeastern Iowa. Report 13. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1981 Paleobotany. In Archaeological Investigations at the Rainbow Site, Plymouth County, Iowa, edited by David W. Benn, pp. 315-328. Luther College Archaeological Research Center, Decorah, Iowa.

1981b The Paleoethnobotany of the MAD Sites (13CF101) and (13CF102) and Relationships with Other Prairie Peninsula Sites. In Archaeology of the MA.D. Sites at Denison, Iowa, pp. VII-1-VII-45. Division of Historic Preservation, Iowa State Historical Department, Iowa City.

1984 Archaeological Salvage Excavations at Sid's Site (13KK16): A Woodland Campsite in Keokuk County, Iowa. Center for Archaeological Research, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield.

1984 Excavations at the Christenson Oneota Site (13PK407), Central Des Moines River Valley, Iowa. Center for Archaeological Research, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield.

1986 Site Testing for the Interpretive Cultural Overview Saylorville Lake, Iowa. Vol. 3. CAR-627. Center for Archaeological Research, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield.

1990 Woodland Cultures on the Western Prairies: The Rainbow Site Investigations. Report 18. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Benn, David W., and Dean M. Thompson

1976 Preliminary Investigation of the FTD Site (13AM210). Luther College Archaeological Research Laboratory, Decorah, Iowa.

 

Benn, David W., and Dean M. Thompson

1977 The Young Site, Linn County, Iowa, and Comments on Woodland Ceramics. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 24:1--61.

 

Benn, David W., and E. Arthur Bettis III

1985 Archaeology and Landscapes in Saylorville Lake, Iowa, 1985 Field Trip Guide, Summer Meeting, Association of Iowa Archaeologists. Center for Archaeological Research, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield.

 

Benn, David W., and Suzanne Harris

1983 Testing Nine Archaeological Sites in the Downstream Corridor, Saylorville Lake, Iowa: 1982. CAR-489. Center for Archaeological Research, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield.

 

Bettis III, E. Arthur, Richard G. Baker, William Green, Mary K. Whelan, David W. Benn

1992 Late Wisconsinan and Holocene alluvial stratigraphy, paleoecology, and archaeological geology of east-central Iowa. Iowa Quaternary Studies Group Contribution Number 51, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, pp. 82.

 

Billeck, William T.

1993 Time and Space in the Glenwood Locality: The Nebraska Phase in Western Iowa. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Missouri-Columbia.

 

Blake, Leonard W.

1990 Letter to William Green and Douglas Jones, Oct. 10, 1990. On file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Brush, G.S.

1967 Late- and postglacial pollen analyses in Iowa. In: Cushing, E.J., H.E. Wright Jr., Quaternary Paleoecology, Volume 7 of the Proceedings of the VII Congress of the International Association for Quaternary Research, pp. 99-115. Yale University Press, New Haven and London.

 

Chumbley, Craig. A., Richard G. Baker, E. Arthur Bettis III

1990 Midwestern Holocene Paleoenvironments Revealed by Floodplain deposits in northeastern Iowa. Science 249, 272-273.

 

Collins, James M.

1997 Prehistoric Archaeology of the Marriott Site: Archaeological Data Recovery at 13VB455, Van Buren County, Iowa. Research Papers 22 (2), Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Cook, David L.

1980 13AM26. In A Phase II Report on Four Archaeological Sites, 13AM26, 13AM152, 13AM251,13AM260, in Allamakee County, Iowa, by Michael Fokken and David Cook, pp. 54-72. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Cook, David L.

1980 The Tener (Sand Pile) Site 13WS108: A Multicomponent Woodland Site in the Iowa/English River Valley. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Crites, Gary D.

1993 Domesticated Sunflower in Fifth Millennium B.P. Temporal Context: New Evidence from Middle Tennessee. American Antiquity, 58 (1): pp. 146-148.

 

Crites, Gary D. and R. Dale Terry

1984 Nutritive Value of Maygrass Phalaris caroliniana. Economic Botany 38 (1): 114-120.

 

Cutler, Hugh C. and Leonard W. Blake

1976 Plants from Archaeological Sites East of the Rockies. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.

2001 Plants from Archaeological Sites East of the Rockies. In Plants from the Past. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

 

Dallman, John E.

1977 A Dietary Evaluation of Two Mill Creek Sites, the Matt Brewster and the Phipps Sites, in Northwest Iowa. Ph. D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.

 

Denniston, R.F., L.A. Gonzalez, Y. Asmerom, R.G. Baker, M.K. Reagan, E. Arthur Bettis III

1999a Evidence for increased cool season moisture during the middle Holocene. Geology 27, 815-818.

 

DeVore, Steven L.

1984 The Cribb's Crib Site (13WAI05): The Archaeology and Ecology of an Oneota Village in the Central Des Moines River Valley. Master’s thesis, Iowa State University, Ames.

1990 Moingona Phase Oneota Subsistence Strategies: Examples from the Central Des Moines River Valley. Research Papers 15(3). Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Dunne, Michael T.

1995 Floral Remains, In Test Excavations at the Kuehn Site (13DA110): The Great Oasis Component, by Stephen C. Lensink and Fred A. Finney, pp.16. Contract Completion Report 440. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1997 Paleoethnobotany at the Gast Spring Site (13LA152). Unpublished Master's thesis, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1998 Archaeobotanical Analysis. In Phase II Excavations at the Cowan Site (13WD88): A Great Oasis Component in Woodbury County, Iowa, by Toby A. Morrow, pp. 324-342. Contract Completion Report 592. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

2000 Archaeobotanical Analysis, In Phase III Archaeological Data Recovery at the Smith Bottom Site (13HA181) and the Allen Fan Site (13HA385): The Middle and Late Archaic of Hardin County, Iowa NHS-520-5(53)--19-42 , a.k.a. PIN 94-42060-2, Volumes I by Richard L. Fishel, pp. 97-104. Contract Completion Report 692. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City. pp.. Contract Completion Report 692. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

2002 Change and Continuity in Prehistoric Foodways: A Paleoethnobotanical Analysis of the Middle to Late Woodland Transition at the Gast Farm Site (13LA12) in Southeast Iowa. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology,The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

2005 Archaeobotanical Analysis. In The Cowan Site: A Great Oasis Community in Northwest Iowa. Report 22, by Stephen C. Lensink and Joseph A. Tiffany, pp. 113-117. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

2006 Prehistoric Botanical Remains. In Phase II Excavations at 13ML637 and 13ML640, Primary Roads Project BRF-978-1(5)-38-65, Mills County, Iowa, by Michael J. Perry, pp. 26-37. Report submitted to Iowa Department of Transportation, Project Completion Report, Vol. 29, Number 3, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Dunne, Michael T. and William Green

1998 Terminal Archaic and Early Woodland Plant Use at the Gast Spring Site (13LA152), Southeast Iowa. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 23(1):45–88.

 

Durkee, L.H.

1971 A pollen profile from Woden Bog in North-Central Iowa. Ecology 52, 837-844.

 

Emerson, Patricia, M.

1984 Archaeological and Geomorphological Data Recovery at Saylorville Lake, Polk County, Iowa. Vol.1. Technical Report. Impact Services Incorporated, Mankato, Minnesota.

 

Field, H.P.

1952 The Diet of the Prehistoric Indians of Northeast Iowa. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 1(2):8-13.

 

Finney, Fred and R. Eric Hollinger

1994 A New Look at Some Old Sites on the Hartley Terrace in Northeast Iowa. Paper presented to the 51st Southeastern Archaeological Conference and the 39th Midwest Archaeological Conference. Lexington, KY.

 

Fishel, Richard L.

1995 Excavations at the Phipps Site (13CK21): New Perspectives on Mill Creek Culture. Contract Completion Report 443. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Ford, Richard I.

1981 Gardening and Farming Before A.D. 1,000: Patterns of Prehistoric Cultivation North of Mexico. Journal of Ethnobiology 1:6-27.

1985 The Processes of Plant Food Production in Prehistoric North America. In Prehistoric Food Production in North America, edited by Richard Ford, pp. 1-18. Anthropological Papers No. 75, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

 

Fritz, G. J.

1990 Multiple Pathways to Farming in Precontact Eastern North America. Journal of World Prehistory 4:387-435.

 

Gartner, William G.

2003 Raised Field Landscapes of Native North America. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

 

Gilmore, Melvin R.

1977 Uses of Plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

 

Gradwohl, David M.

1975 Final Report on the Investigation of Archaeological Sites in Saylorville Reservoir, Iowa, as Covered in Four Contracts between the National Park Service and Iowa State University. Iowa State University Archaeological Laboratory, Ames.

 

Gradwohl, David M.

1982 Shelling Corn in the Prairie-Plains: Archaeological Evidence and Ethnographic Parallels Beyond the Pun. In Plains Indian Studies: A Collection of Essays in Honor o f John C. Ewers and Waldo R. Wedel, edited by Douglas H. Ubelaker and Herman J. Viola, pp. 135-155. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology 30. Washington, D. C.

 

Green, William

1990a Central Plains Tradition Plant and Animal Use: Analysis of a Nebraska Phase Earthlodge in Western Iowa. Paper presented at the 13th Annual Meeting of the Society of Ethnobiology, Tempe, Arizona.

1990b Plant Remains from the Wall Ridge Earthlodge (13ML176). In Glenwood Culture Paleoenvironment and Diet: Analysis of Plant and Animal Remains from the Wall Ridge Earthlodge(13ML176), Mills County, Iowa, edited by William Green, pp. 33-40. Research Papers 15(6). Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1990c Milford Site (13DK1) Plant Remains; Large Size-Grade. Manuscript on file, Office of the State Archaeologist,The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1995a Botanical Analysis at the Cowan Site. In Archaeological Investigations at the Cowan Site; A Phase II Investigation of 13WD88, by Mark L. Anderson, pp. 32-38. Project Completion Report Vol. 18, No. 10. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1995b Floral Remains. In Test Excavations at the Kuehn Site (13DA110): A Great Oasis Component, by Stephen C. Lensink and Fred A. Finney, p. 16. Contract Completion Report 440. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Green, William (editor)

1994 Agricultural Origins and Development in the Midcontinent. Report 19. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Green, William and William T. Billeck

1993 Plant Use at the Millipede Site (13ML361), a Central Plains Earthlodge in Southwestern Iowa. Paper presented at the 51st Plains Anthropological Conference, Saskatoon, Canada. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Green, William, and Terry Eller

1975 Analysis of Seeds from Chan-ya-ta (13BV1), Feature 6. Paper for Environmental Archaeology Seminar, Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Copy on file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Green, William and Shelly Gradwell

1995 Crops of Ancient Iowa: Native Plant Use and Farming Systems: A Teaching Reference for Agriculture and Science Teachers. Fact Sheet prepared for the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture.

 

Green, William and Clare Tolmie

2004 Analysis of Plant Remains from Blood Run. Plains Anthropologist 49 (Memoir 36):525–625.

 

Haberman, Thomas W.

1984 Evidence for Aboriginal Tobaccos in Eastern North America. American Antiquity 49:269-287.

 

Hall, S.A

1971 Paleoecological interpretation of bison, mollusks, and pollen from the Hughes Peat Bed, Linn County, Iowa. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, The University of Iowa.

 

Harris, Suzanne

1983 Plant Remains, 13VB21, Feature 1. Center for Archaeological Research, Southwest Missouri State University. Copy on file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Heiser, Carl B., Jr.

1992 On Possible Sources of the Tobacco of Prehistoric Eastern North America. Current Anthropology 33:54-56.

 

Henning, Dale R.

1961 Oneota Ceramics in Iowa. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 11(2):1-47.

 

Henning, Dale R. (ed.)

1982 Subsurface Testing Program: Proposed Perry Creek Dam and Reservoir Area, Plymouth County, Iowa. Technical Report 82-05. Division of Archeological Research, Department of Anthropology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

 

Henning, Dale R., Amy E. Henning, and David A. Baerreis

1968 1963 Excavations in the Mill Creek Sites. In Climatic Changes and the Mill Creek Culture of Iowa, edited by Dale R. Henning, pp.35-106. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 15.

 

Hill, Mathew, David W. May, and Thomas J. Loebel

2009 An Excavated Clovis Cache from Central Iowa. Paper presented at the74th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Atlanta, Georgia.

 

Hodgson, Nancy J.

1992 Ancient Agriculture in Iowa: Paleoethnobotany of the Weaver Occupation at Gast Farm (13LA2), Louisa County, Iowa. Unpublished Master's thesis, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Hollinger R. Eric

1999 Report on the McKinney Oneota Village (13LA1) Subsistence Study. Submitted to the State Historical Society of Iowa. Resource Enhancement and Protection Program/Historic Resources Development Program REAP/HRDP, Project 97-112.

2005 Conflict and Culture Change in the Late Prehistoric and Early Historic American Midcontinent. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champagne.

 

Hotopp, John

1978 Glenwood: A Contemporary View. In The Central Plains Tradition, edited by Donald J. Blakeslee, pp: 109–133. Report 11, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Idouraine, Ahmed , Edwin A. Kohlhepp, and Charles W. Weber

1996 Nutrient Constituents from Eight Lines of Naked Seed Squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 44 (3), pp 721–724.

 

Jones, Douglas W.

1993 The Role of Chenopodium in Mill Creek Agricultural Systems. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Department of Anthropology,The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Jones, Volney

1936 The Vegetal Remains of Newt Kash Hollow Shelter. In Rock Shelters in Menifee County, Kentucky, edited by W. Webb and W. Funkhauser, pp. 147-165. Reports in Archaeology and Anthropology 3(4). University of Kentucky, Lexington.

1940 Broken Kettle and Kimball sites. University of Michigan, Museum of Anthropology, Ethnobotanical Report No. 172, Ann Arbor.

1940 Letter to Charles R. Keyes and Report on Plant materials from Broken Kettle [13PM1] and Kimball [13PM4] Sites. September 13. Keyes County Files, Plymouth County. On file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Kelly, John E.

1970 The Identification of Seeds from 13PM25. Paper for Anthropology 945, Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Copy on file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Kim, Hyung K.

1986 Late-glacial and Holocene environment in central Iowa: A comparative study of pollen data from four sites. Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, pp. 153.

 

King, Frances B.

1985 Early Cultivated Cucurbits in Eastern North America. In Prehistoric Food Production in North America, edited by R.I. Ford, pp. 73-98. Anthropological Papers No. 75. Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

1990 Plant Remains from Brushy Creek Project Archaeological Sites. In Archaeological Resources of Brushy Creek State Recreation Area Webster County, Iowa, edited by Elizabeth R. P. Henning, pp. 166-168. Research Papers S15(4), Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Lane, G.H.

1931 A Preliminary Pollen Analysis of the East McCulloch Peat Bed. The Ohio Journal of Science 31, 165-171

 

Lopinot, Neal H.

1987 Archaeobotany. In Archaeology in the Mississippi River Floodplain at Sand Run Slough, Iowa, by David W. Benn, pp. 195-220. CAR-690. Center for Archaeological Research, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield.

 

McKusick, Marshall

1964 Prehistoric Man in Northeastern Iowa. Palimpsest 45:465-496.

 

Mead, Barbara

1975 A Quantitative Seed Analysis for the Meehan-Schell Site (13BN110). In Final Report on the Investigations of Archaeological Sites in Saylorville Reservoir, Iowa, by David M. Gradwohl, pp. 268-277. Iowa State University Archaeological Laboratory, Ames.

1981 Seed Analysis of the Meehan-Schell Site (13BN110), a Great Oasis Site in Central Iowa. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 28:15–90.

 

Moffat, Charles R., William Cremin, and Lucretia S. Kelly.

1988 Faunal and Floral Remains. In Archaeological Data Recovery at the Cormorant Site (13MA287):A Multicomponent Woodland and Oneota Site at Lake Red Rock, Iowa, by Charles R. Moffat, Brad Koldehoff, and Mary R. McCorvie, pp. 183-194. Cultural Resources Management Report 128. American Resources Group, Ltd., Carbondale, Illinois.

 

Moffat, Charles R., Brad Koldehoff, Kathryn E. Parker, Lucretia S. Kelley, Mary R. McCorvie, and Joseph Craig

1990 Archaeological Data Recovery at Five Prehistoric Sites, Lake Red Rock, Marion County, Iowa. 2 vols. Cultural Resources Management Report 133. American Resources Group, Ltd., Carbondale, Illinois.

 

Morrow, Juliet E. and Toby A. Morrow

2002 Rummells-Maske Revisited: A Fluted Point Cache from East Central Iowa. Plains Anthropologist Vol. 47 (183): 307-321.

 

Nelson, M.D., F.S. Hu, E.C. Grimm, B.B. Curry, J.E. Slate

2006 The Influence of Aridity and Fire on Holocene Prairie Communities in the Eastern Prairie Peninsula. Ecology 87, 2523-2536.

 

Nepstad-Thornberry, Curtis Paul

1998 Prehistoric Plant Utilization and the Initial Variant Middle Missouri Tradition. Unpublished Master's thesis, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

 

Nickel, Robert

n.d. Botanical Remains from Sites in Mills County, Iowa. Manuscript on file, Midwest Archaeological Center, Lincoln. 

 

Osborn, Nancy M., David M. Gradwohl, and Randall M. Thies

1989 The Archaeology of the Saylorvillage Site (13PK165): A Late Woodland Manifestation on the Des Moines River. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 35:9-38.

 

Orr, Ellison

1942 Report of an Archaeological Survey of the Broken Kettle and Kimball Pre-Historic Indian Refuse Mound Village Sites. Orr manuscripts, Vol. 11. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Parker, Kathryn E.

1990 Oneota Botanical Remains. In Archaeological Data Recovery at Five Prehistoric Sites, Lake Red Rock, Marion County, Iowa, by Charles R. Moffat, Brad Koldehoff, Lucretia S. Kelly, Mary R. McCorvie, and Joseph Craig, pp. 347-368, 701-713. Cultural Resources Management Report 133. American Resources Group, Ltd., Carbondale, Illinois.

 

Peterson, Drexel A.

1967a A First Report on the Excavation of a Great Oasis Site 13PM25. Newsletter of the Northwest Chapter of the Iowa Archeological Society 15 (4): 3-8.

1967b A Ceramic Sequence for Northwest Iowa. Unpublished Bachelor's thesis, Department of Anthropology, Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Powell, Gina S.

2003 The Christenson Site Plant Remains. In Data Recovery Excavations at the Christenson Oneota Site (13PK407), Polk County, Iowa, prepared by David W. Benn, Lucretia S. Kelly, Derek V. Lee, Gina S. Powell, and Jeffrey R. Straka, pp. 58-69. BCA #959/1029. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2005 Plant Remains from 13AM403-13AM405, Allamakee County, Iowa. In Hartley Bridge Project: Excavations at the Wild Sites, 13AM403, 13AM404, and 13AM405, Allamakee County, Iowa, by David W. Benn, pp.156-181. BCA #956. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2007 The Garden Site (13DB493) Plant Remains. In Data Recovery Excavations at Middle Archaic Site 13DB493, Dubuque Township, Dubuque County, Iowa, by David W. Benn, pp. 46-53. BCA # 847. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2007 The Union Bench Site Plant Remains. In Data Recovery Excavations at the Terminal Late Woodland Period Union Bench Site (13DB497), Dubuque County, Iowa, prepared by David W. Benn and Gina Powell, pp. 65-76. BCA #847. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2008 Plant Remains from the Hoenig West Site. In Archeology on the Hoenig Fan: Phase III Data Recovery Excavations at 13LE42 and 13LE589 (Hoenig West and East) U.S. Highway 61, Fort Madison Bypass, Lee County, Iowa, edited by Lowell Blikre, pp. 19-25. Report prepared for Iowa Department of Transportation. BCA #1154. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

 

Powell, Gina S. and Neal H. Lopinot.

2000 Cross Site Plant Remains. In Data Recovery Excavations at the Late Woodland Cross Site (13LA309), Louisa County, Iowa. BCA #746. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2001 Archaeobotanical Remains. In Archaeology in the Eisele’s Hill Locality: Phase III Data Recovery Excavations at 13MC136 U.S. Highway 61, Muscatine County, Iowa, edited by David W. Benn, pp. 50-51. BCA #628/629, Volume IIIA. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, IA.

2002 The Garden site (13DB493) Plant Remains. In Data Recovery at Middle Archaic Site 13DB493 Dubuque Township, Dubuque County, Iowa, edited by David W. Benn, pp. 46-53. BCA 847. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2002a Archaeobotanical Remains. In Archaeology in the Eislele’s Hill Locality: Phase III Data Recovery Excavations at 13MC136, U.S. Highway 61, Muscatine County, Iowa, edited by David W. Benn, pp. 50-51. BCA 628/629, Vol. 1. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2002b Archaeobotanical Remains. In Archaeology in the Eislele’s Hill Locality: Phase III Data Recovery Excavations at 13MC136, U.S. Highway 61, Muscatine County, Iowa, edited by David W. Benn, pp. 58-59. BCA 628/629, Vol. 2. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2003 Archaeobotanical Remains. In Archaeology in the Eislele’s Hill Locality: Phase III Data Recovery Excavations at 13MC136, U.S. Highway 61, Muscatine County, Iowa, edited by David W. Benn, pp. 46-49. BCA 628/629, Vol. 5 Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2004 Carbonized Macrobotanical Remains. In Phase III Archaeological Data Recovery from the McNeal Fan (13MC15), Eisele’s Hill Locality, Muscatine County, Iowa, edited by Joe B. Thompson, pp. 139-147. BCA 628/629, Vol. IV. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

2009 Archaeobotanical Analysis for 13LE597. In Phase III Archaeological Data Recovery on the Fett Site (13LE597), Jefferson Township, Lee County, Iowa, edited by Joe B. Thompson and David W. Benn, pp. 64-75. BCA #1130. Bear Creek Archeology, Cresco, Iowa.

 

Rogers, Leah D., and Brad Koldehoff

1987 Archaeological Site Testing, Lake Red Rock, Iowa: Pool Raise Project, 1986 Season. Cultural Resources Management Report 125. American Resources Group, Ltd., Carbondale, Illinois.

 

Ruppé, Reynold J.

1955 Excavate Prehistoric Indian Village Near Cherokee. On Iowa 30(6):4–5.

 

Ruhe, R.V.

1970 Soils, Paleosols, and Environments. In Wakefield Jr., D. and J.K. Jones Jr., (Eds.) Pleistocene and Recent Environments of the Central Great Plains, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 37-52.

 

Schirmer, Ronald C.

1996 Analysis of Wood Charcoal from the Millipede Site (13ML361). Report on file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Schroeder, Marjorie

1995a Archaeobotanical Analysis. In Archaeology of the Eisele's Hill Locality: Phase II Test Excavations at Six Sites in Muscatine County, Iowa, Primary Roads Project NHS-61-4(55)--20-70 a.k.a. PIN 92-70040-1, by Joe Alan Artz, pp. 121-129. Project Completion Report 18 (30). Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1995b Archaeobotanical Analysis. In Excavations at the Helen Smith Site (13LA71): Early and Late Woodland in Southeast Iowa, by William T. Billeck, pp. 11.1-11.17. Contract Completion Report 446. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1995c Archaeobotanical Remains. In Excavations at the Dixon Site (13WD8): Correctionville Phase Oneota in Northwest Iowa, by Richard L. Fishel, pp. 70-. Contract Completion Report 442. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Scott, Linda J.

1986a Floral Remains. In Investigations at 13WS65-8 The Prymek Site. In Archaeological Investigations Along the F-518 Corridor: Phase III Mitigation at 13WS61, 13WS65, 13WS122,13WS126, edited by Stephen C. Lensink, p. 140. Iowa Quaternary Studies Contribution 9. The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1986b Floral Remains. In Investigations at 13WS122-The Davis Creek Site. In Archaeological Investigations Along the F-518 Corridor: Phase III Mitigation at 13WS61, 13WS65, 13WS122,13WS126, edited by Stephen C. Lensink, pp. 202-203. Iowa Quaternary Studies Contribution 9. The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1986c Floral Remains. In Investigations at 13WS126-The Goose Creek Site. In Archaeological Investigations Along the F-518 Corridor: Phase III Mitigation at 13WS61, 13WS65, 13WS122,13WS126, edited by Stephen C. Lensink, pp. 224-225. Iowa Quaternary Studies Contribution 9. The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Smith, Bruce D.

1987 In Emergent Horticultural Communities of the Eastern Woodlands, edited by William F. Keegan. Occasional Paper 7, Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.

1992 Rivers of Change: Essays on Early Agriculture in Eastern North America. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.

1995 Seed Plant Domestication in Eastern North America. In Last Hunters—First Farmers: New Perspectives on the Prehistoric Transition to Agriculture, edited by Douglas T. Price and Ann Gebauer, pp. 191-213. School of American Research Press, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

1996 Eastern North America as an Independent Center of Plant Domestication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A. 103(33): 12223–12228.

 

Smith, Bruce D. and Richard A. Yarnell

2009 Initial Formation of an Indigenous Crop Complex in Eastern North America at 3,800 B.P. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106: 6561-6566.

 

Smith, C. H. D.

1965 University of Wisconsin Excavations at the Dixon Site (13WD8). Newsletter, Northwest Chapter of the Iowa Archeological Society 13(4):7-8.

 

Spargo, Lise

1984 The Milford Site (13DK1): An Oneota Component in Dickinson County, Iowa (Draft). 1984, Copy on file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Spector, Janet

1970 Seed Analysis in Archeology. The Wisconsin Archeologist 51:163-190.

 

Stains, Donna Jean

1972 Seed Analysis: Brewster Site (13CK15), Western Iowa. Unpublished Master’s thesis. University of Wisconsin, Madison.

 

Theler, James L., and William Green

1988 Floral and Faunal Remains. In Investigations at 13CF228: A Buried Prehistoric Site on the Lower Turkey River, pp. 255-257. In Archaeological and Paleoenvironmental Studies in the Turkey River Valley, Northeastern Iowa, edited by William Green. Research Papers.13(1). Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Tiffany, Joseph A.

1978 A Model of Changing Settlement Patterns for the Mill Creek Culture of Northwest Iowa. An Analysis from the Chan-ya-ta Site (13BV1), Buena Vista County, Iowa. Ph. D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

1982 Chan-ya-ta: A Mill Creek Village. Report 15. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Tiffany, Joseph A., Duane C. Anderson, and Lise Spargo

1989 A Preliminary Report on the Milford Oneota Site (13DK1): A Post-Contact Oneota Village in Northwest Iowa. Paper presented at the 47th Annual Plains Anthropological Conference, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

 

Tiffany, Joseph A., Shirley J. Schermer, James L. Theler, D. W. Owsley, Duane C. Anderson, E. Arthur Bettis III

1988 The Hanging Valley Site (13HR28): A Stratified Woodland Burial Locale in Western Iowa. Plains Anthropologist 33:219-259.

 

Transeau, E.N.

1935 The Prairie Peninsula. Ecology 16, 423-437.

 

Treat, Raymond

1970 Seed Identification, 13PM25. Environmental Archaeology in Western Iowa: Unpublished Seminar Papers on 13PM25, Broken Kettle West Site, Compiled by David A. Baerreis. University of Wisconsin, Madison. Copy on file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Treat, Raymond, John E. Kelly, and Lawrence A. Conrad

1970 Seeds. In Environmental Archaeology in Western Iowa, edited by David A. Baerreis, pp. 1(}-12. Newsletter, Northwest Chapter of the Iowa Archeological Society 18(5).

 

United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service 

2010 The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 8 January 2010). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

 

Van Voorhis, Frank L.

1978 The Mill Creek Pre-Historic Indian Culture. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 25:8-48.

 

Van Zant, K.L.

1979 Late glacial and postglacial pollen and plant macrofossils from Lake West Okoboji, northwestern Iowa. Quaternary Research 12, 358-380.

 

Van Zant, K.L., G.R. Hallberg

1976 A late-glacial pollen sequence from Northeastern Iowa: Sumner Bog revisited. Iowa Geological Survey Technical Series 3, pp. 17.

 

Wegner, Steven A.

1975 Analysis of Seed Remains from the Chan-ya-ta Site (13BV1), a Mill Creek Village in Northwestern Iowa. Bachelor’s honors thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

 

Whittaker, William E., Michael T. Dunne, Joe Alan Artz, Sarah E. Horgen, and Mark L. Anderson

2007 Edgewater Park: A Late Archaic Campsite along the Iowa River. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 32 (1): 5-46.

 

Williams, Patricia McAlister

1975 The Heizer Site (13PM49): A Surface Inventory. Newsletter, Northwest Chapter of the Iowa Archeological Society 21(4):4-6.

1975 The Williams Site (13PMSO): A Great Oasis Component in Northwest Iowa. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 22:1-35.

 

Wright, Patti

1999 Analysis of Plant Remains. In Data Recovery Excavations at the Late Woodland Horseshoe Site (13LA27), Louisa County, Iowa. Bear Creek Archaeology Report # 646: 42-47. David W. Benn, Principal Investigator.

 

Yarnell, Richard A.

1972 Iva annua var. macrocarpa: Extinct American Cultigen? American Anthropologist 74:335-341.

1978 Domestication of Sunflower and Sumpweed in Eastern North America. In The Nature and Status of Ethnobotany, edited by Richard I. Ford, pp. 289-299. Anthropological Papers 67. Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

 

Zalucha, Leonard Anthony

1982 Identification, Charred Seeds, Wood, Features 10, 11, 13PM61. In Subsurface Testing Program: Proposed Perry Creek Dam and Reservoir Area, Plymouth County, Iowa, edited by Dale R. Henning, pp. 315-332. Technical Report 82-05. Division of Archeological Research, Department of Anthropology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

1982 Methodology in Paleoethnobotany: a Study in Vegetational Reconstruction Dealing With the Mill Creek Culture of Northwestern Iowa. Ph. D., University of Wisconsin, Madison. University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor.

1997 Archaeobotanical Analysis. In Prehistoric Archaeology of the Marriott Site: Archaeological Data Recovery at 13VB455, Van Buren County, Iowa by James M. Collins, pp. 70-78. Research Papers 22 (2), Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

1999 Oneota Floral Remains From the Wever Site. Louis Berger & Associates, Marion, Iowa. Submitted to Loucks & Associates, Maple Grove, Minnesota. Copy on file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

2000 Woodland Floral Remains From the Wever Site. Louis Berger & Associates, Marion, Iowa. Copy on file, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Zimmerman, Larry J.

1971 Skadeland Mill Creek Culture Site. in Prehistoric Investigations, edited by Marshall McKusick, pp. 114-124. Report 3. Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

For another informative bibliography on Prehistoric Food Production in the Mid Continent see: this link.

 

Helpful references about cultivated plant use among Native Americans in the Midwest:

Gartner, William G.

2003 Raised Field Landscapes of Native North America. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

 

Gilmore, Melvin R.

1991 Uses of Plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln

 

Moerman, Daniel

2002 Native American Ethnobotany. Portland, Oregon. Timber Press.

 

Smith, Huron H. 

1928 Ethnobotany of the Meskwaki Indians. Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee 4(2):175-326.

 

Will, George F. and George E. Hyde

1964 Corn among the Indians of the Upper Missouri. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

 

Wilson, Gilbert L.

1917 Agriculture of the Hidatsa Indians: An Indian Interpretation. Studies in Social Studies Number 9. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

 

 

References for the Spread of Prairie in Iowa

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Ahler, S.A.

1973 Post-Pleistocene depositional change at Rodgers Shelter, Missouri. Plains Anthropologist 18, 1-26.

 

Allen, C.D., D.D. Breshears

1998 Drought-induced shift of a forest-woodland ecotone: Rapid landscape response to climate variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95, 14839-14842.

 

Anderson, R.C.

2006 Evolution and origin of the Central Grassland of North America: climate, fire, and mammalian grazers. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 133, 626-647.

 

Ashworth, A.C., D.P. Schwert, W.A. Watts, H.E. Wright Jr.

1981 Plant and insect fossils at Norwood in south-central Minnesota: A record of late-glacial succession. Quaternary Research 16, 66-79.

 

Baker, R.G.

1970 A radiocarbon-dated pollen chronology for Wisconsin: Disterhaft farm bog revisited. Geological Society of America Abstracts 2, 488.

 

Baker, R.G., L.J. Maher, C.A. Chumbley, K.L. Van Zant

1992 Patterns of Holocene environmental change in the Midwest. Quaternary Research 37, 379-389.

 

Baker, R.G., E. Arthur Bettis III, D.P. Schwert, D.G. Horton, C.A. Chumbley, L.A. Gonzalez, M.K. Reagan

1996 Holocene paleoenvironments of northeast Iowa. Ecological Monographs 66, 203-234.

 

Baker, R.G., L.A. Gonzales, M. Raymo, E. Arthur Bettis III, M.K. Reagan, J.A. Dorale

1998 Comparison of multiple proxy records of Holocene environments in the Midwestern United States. Geology 26, 1131-1134.

 

Baker, R.G., G.G. Fredlund, R.D. Mandel, E. Arthur Bettis III

2000 Holocene environments of central Great Plains; multi-proxy evidence from alluvial sequences, southeastern Nebraska; Holocene environmental change on the Great Plains of North America. Quaternary International 67, 75-88.

 

Baker, R. G., E. Arthur Bettis III, R.F. Denniston, L.A. Gonzalez, L.E. Strickland, J.R. Krieg

2002 Holocene paleoenvironments in southeastern Minnesota – Chasing the Prairie-Forest ecotone. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 177, 103-122.

 

Bettis III, E. Arthur, R.G. Baker, W.R. Green, M.K. Whelan, D.W. Benn

1992 Late Wisconsinan and Holocene alluvial stratigraphy, paleoecology, and archaeological geology of east-central Iowa. Iowa Quaternary Studies Group Contribution 51, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, pp. 82.

 

Brush, G.S.

1967 Late- and postglacial pollen analyses in Iowa. In E.J. Cushing and H.E. Wright Jr., Quaternary Paleoecology, Volume 7 of the Proceedings of the VII Congress of the International Association for Quaternary Research, pp. 99-115. Yale University Press, New Haven and London.

 

Chumbley, C.A., R.G. Baker, E. Arthur Bettis III

1990 Midwestern Holocene paleoenvironments revealed by floodplain deposits in northeastern Iowa. Science 249, 272-273.

 

Cushing, E.J.

1967 Late-Wisconsin pollen stratigraphy in Minnesota. In E.J. Cushing and H.E. Wright Jr., Quaternary Paleoecology, Volume 7 of the Proceedings of the VII Congress of the International Association for Quaternary Research, pp. 89-97. Yale University Press, New Haven and London.

 

Denniston, R.F., L.A. Gonzalez, Y. Asmerom, R.G. Baker, M.K. Reagan, E. Arthur Bettis III

1999a Evidence for increased cool season moisture during the middle Holocene. Geology 27, 815-818.

 

Denniston, R.F., L.A. Gonzalez, R.G. Baker, Y. Asmerom, M.K. Reagan, R.L. Edwards, E.C. Alexander

1999c. Speleothem evidence for Holocene fluctuations of the prairie-forest ecotone, north-central USA. The Holocene 9, 671-676.

 

Denniston, R.F.,L.A. Gonzalez, H.A. Semken Jr., Y. Asmerom, R.G. Baker, H. Recelli-Snyder, M.K. Reagan, E. Arthur Bettis III

1999b Integrating stalagmite, vertebrate, and pollen sequences to investigate Holocene vegetation and climate change in the southern Midwestern United States. Quaternary Research 52, 381-387.

 

Denniston, R.F., M. DuPree, J.A. Dorale, Y. Asmerom, V.J. Polyak, S.J. Carpenter

2007 Episodes of late Holocene aridity recorded by stalagmites from Devil’s Icebox Cave, central Missouri, USA. Quaternary Research 68, 45-52.

 

Dulian, J.J.

1975 Paleoecology of the Brayton local biota, late Wisconsinan of southwestern Iowa. MS Thesis, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Durkee, L.H.

1971 A pollen profile from Woden Bog in north-central Iowa. Ecology 52, 837-844.

 

Gleason, H.A.

1922 The vegetation history of the Middle West. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 12, 39-85.

 

Grüger, J.

1973 Studies on the late Quaternary vegetation history of northeastern Kansas. Geological Society of America Bulletin 84, 239-250.

 

Hall, S.A.

1971 Paleoecological interpretation of bison, mollusks, and pollen from the Hughes Peat Bed, Linn County, Iowa. MS Thesis, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

 

Jelgersma, S.

1962 A late-glacial pollen diagram from Madelia, south-central Minnesota. American Journal of Science 260, 522-529.

 

Kim, H.K.

1982 Late-glacial and postglacial pollen studies from the Zuehl Farm site, north-central Iowa and the Cattail Channel Bog, northwestern Illinois. M.S. Thesis, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, pp. 57.

 

Kim, H.K.

1986 Late-glacial and Holocene environment in central Iowa: A comparative study of pollen data from four sites. Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, pp. 153.

 

King, J.E.

1973 Late Pleistocene palynology and biogeography of the western Missouri Ozarks. Ecological Monographs 43, 539-565.

 

King, J.E.

1981 Late quaternary vegetational history of Illinois. Ecological Monographs 51, 43-62.

 

King, J.E. and W.H. Allen

1977 A Holocene vegetation record from the Mississippi River Valley, southeastern Missouri. Quaternary Research 8, 307-323.

 

Lane,G.H.

1931 A preliminary pollen analysis of the east McCulloch peat bed. The Ohio Journal of Science 31, 165-171.

 

Lopinot, N.H.

1998 Analysis of Flotation Samples. In The 1997 Excavations at the Big Eddy site (23CE426) in Southwest Missouri, edited by N. H. Lopinot, J. H. Ray, M. D. Conner. Special Publication No. 2: Center for Archaeological Research, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, pp 266-286.

 

McMillan, R.B.

1976 Rodgers Shelter: A Record of Cultural and Environmental Changes. In Prehistoric Man and His Environments: A Case Study in the Ozark Highland, edited by W.R. Wood, R.B. McMillan, Academic Press, New York, pp. 111-122.

 

Nelson, M.D., F.S. Hu, E.C. Grimm, B.B. Curry, J.E. Slate

2006 The influence of aridity and fire on Holocene prairie communities in the eastern Prairie Peninsula. Ecology 87, 2523-2536.

 

Oesch, R.D.

1967 A preliminary investigation of a Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from Crankshaft Pit, Jefferson County, Missouri. National Speleological Society Bulletin 29, 163-185.

 

Ruhe, R.V. and J.C. Prior

1970 Pleistocene Lake Calvin, Eastern Iowa. Geological Society of America Bulletin 81, 919-924.

 

Ruhe, R.V., W.P. Dietz, T.E. Fenton, G.F. Hall

1968 Iowan drift problem, Northeastern Iowa. Iowa Geological Survey Report of Investigations 7, pp. 40.

 

Transeau, E.N.

1935 The Prairie Peninsula. Ecology 16, 423-437.

 

Van Zant, K.L.

1979 Late glacial and postglacial pollen and plant macrofossils from Lake West Okoboji, northwestern Iowa. Quaternary Research 12, 358-380.

 

Van Zant, K.L. and G.R. Hullberg

1976 A late-glacial pollen sequence from Northeastern Iowa: Sumner Bog revisited. Iowa Geological Survey Technical Series 3, pp. 17.

 

Waddington, J.C.B.

1969 A stratigraphic record of pollen influx to a lake in the Big Woods of Minnesota. Geological Society of America Special Paper 123, 263-282.

 

Watts, W.A. and R.C. Bright

1968 Pollen, seed, and mollusk analysis of a sediment core from Pickerel Lake, northeastern South Dakota. Geological Society of America Bulletin 79, 855-876.

 

Webb III, T. and R.A. Bryson

1972 Late- and postglacial climatic change in the northern Midwest, USA: Quantitative estimates derived from fossil pollen spectra by multivariate statistical analysis. Quaternary Research 2, 70-115.

 

Webb III, T., E.J. Cushing, H.E. Wright Jr.

1984 Holocene Changes in the Vegetation of the Midwest. In Late-Quaternary Environments of the United States: The Holocene Volume 2, edited by H. E Wright Jr. Longman Group Limited, London; University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, pp. 142-165.

 

Wright Jr., H.E., T.C. Winter, H.L. Patten

1963 Two pollen diagrams from southeastern Minnesota: Problems in the regional late-glacial and postglacial vegetational history. Geological Society of America Bulletin 74, 1371-1396.

 

Back to top of Prairie References

 

Back to top of Reference page