Iowa's Earliest Residents: 13,000-3000 Years Ago

13000 Year Trunk Contents

Iowa's original residents were small populations of hunters and gatherers distributed widely across a late Ice Age landscape. Then, the climate began warming, the sea level rose, and vegetation changed. Paleoindians learned to adapt to this dynamic environment. They relied on species like the mammoth and mastodon, soon to become extinct. The Paleoindian period transitions into the Archaic period, where growing populations practiced new lifeways that incorporated modern types of plants and animals such as caribou, bison, small mammals, birds, fish, fruits, and nuts. 

With this Discovery Trunk, your students can practice throwing spears with a replica atlatl, just like Iowa's early hunters did! Replica mammoth and mastadon teeth are included, as are authentic fragments of megafaunal bones. Bison, bear, and rabbit track molds, a dog skull, and porcupine quills give students an idea of the animal resources of the time, while a replica Clovis point, fire-cracked rock cobbles, chert samples, and replica bone awl and needle give insight to the ingenuity of using and creating tools from available resources. Print and DVD resources help to customize lessons to suit multiple levels of students.

Reserve this trunk!

Note: There is a $25 service fee for all trunks borrowed from the Office of the State Archaeologist. This service fees covers staff time to maintain the traveling trunk program, including processing requests, preparing trunks for shipping, inventorying and replacing items, and making upgrades to trunk contents and lessons. We cover shipping to the trunk's destination, but it is the responsibility of the borrower to return the trunk to OSA via shipping or drop-off.

13000 Year Trunk Replica Point